Person of contact: Joan March (Tel. 971 17 61 00)
The Service of Orientation, Transfer and IRFAP offers you the possibility to analyze samples|exhibitions of earth|land, of water and of leaves. These analyses become, entity dependent on the Ministry of Presidency (Area of Agriculture and Fishing), in the laboratories of the IBABSA.
The samples|exhibitions to analyze have to forget the results of the analysis in|on the headquarters|see of the IRFAP, where the other necessary formalities are carried out (to formalize the request and to pay the rate) and also where they will give themselves, together with some pertinent basic recommendations.
The analytics of earth|lands, of waters and of vegetal material is convenient especially in the grounds where he|she|it has to patch up, when it is wanted to implant a new crop|growing or when it is wanted to know which is the most suitable stock. More in particular, the analysis of the water is important to know the quality of the one that is used for the irrigation, since it|he|she depends that the tenguin grounds some good chemical as well as physical conditions. These analyses also allow to avoid possible cases of pollution of the grounds, of the phreatic layers|capes or of the same plants|floors, which entail negative consequences for the human population or the animal kingdom, either in short or in the long term.
For another side, the objective of a mineral as well as organic fertilization|tanning of the crops|growings is to achieve a good nutrition of the plant|floor. However, errors sometimes commit fact that provokes that a great amount of nutrients (mainly N) that the plant|floor can not absorb, or apply loses fertilizations that cause imbalances of macronutrients as well as of micronutrients, as it is to patch up in excess. Other times the plant|floor can show symptoms of fitotoxicitat, which can have the origin in biological problems for infection of pathogenic ones of the ground as well as typical of the same plant|floor. The fitotoxicitats go for|because of|from|out of an excess or by a fault of one macro or micronutrient given, as the case of the deficiency of macronutrients as|like the K or of micronutrients as|like the Zn is. Other problems of this type go with problems of salinity or of an irrigation continued with water of high electrical conductivity given by an excess of salts, particularly of ions Na, that come directly from a ground. Because of this, it is advisable and necessary to make analyses each one a certain time|weather of the ground, of the water and foliar.
The most suitable period to make the analyses it|he|she is before applying fertilizers or organic amendments, in the cases which is wanted to be started a new crop|growing. Another period advisable it|he|she is exactly after having finished the crop|harvest, since obtendrem a good information to calculate the fertilizer for the next season. For checking out the quality of the water agrees on making analyze it|her in a periodic way.
For the analyses of samples|exhibitions of earth|land, of water and of vegetal material, like in any other analysis of laboratory, a series of errors have to be avoided. The problems can be avoided from the beginning, with the dam|dose|prey of samples|exhibitions, and, afterwards, with some good practices in the laboratory, where a series of rules of quality have to be followed, that fulfills the IBABSA. To start, it is important from picking up and from transporting the sample|exhibition, since the errors can be avoided in this sense taking the key issues into account so that the results of the analysis are reliable, to take into account if the person interested in the analyses is that one who is in charge. In the following sections of the web some basic councils|advice|pieces of advice as for the dam|dose|prey of the sample|exhibition specify themselves, the conservation, the transport and the labelling.
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